In this video segment from Between the Lions, children from Mississippi introduce and pronounce familiar items that begin with the /s/ sound that the letter "c" makes. Each word is displayed on screen, with the letter "c" highlighted, to emphasize the same sound at the beginning of each word.
As children move through kindergarten, they start developing a more complete and sophisticated understanding of how language works, an important foundation for the learning they will do in the primary grades.
Beginning in the preschool years, children are learning to recognize the letters of the alphabet. The next step will be to identify the various sounds that these letters can represent (phonics). Literacy research suggests that children usually have a much easier time learning the consonant sounds than the vowel sounds. The letter "c" can be tricky, however, since it represents two sounds—the hard "c" or /k/ sound as well as the soft "c" or /s/ sound.
Typically we teach the hard "c" sound first, because the most familiar and easy-to-pronounce words, like "cat" and "cow," begin with the hard "c" sound, while words like "celery," "cell," and "certificate" represent more advanced vocabulary and are more challenging words for beginning readers. Most words that begin with "c" have a /k/ sound. When children are ready to understand some of the ambiguities of phonics, we introduce the soft "c" or /s/ sound. One way to help older children see the consistency in our spelling system is to point out the fact that when "c" is followed by "e" or "i"—as in "celery" or "circus"—it generally makes a /s/ sound.
Similar to an alphabet book, the letter "c" is highlighted in this video segment. Each word is displayed, and images are added to illustrate the meaning of each word. In addition, the soft "c" sound is pronounced as the children say each word. Familiar words were chosen so that children will recognize the pictures and spelling of these words. One challenging word, "certificate," might be a vocabulary stretch, but the illustration should help children figure out its meaning.
Academic standards correlations on Teachers' Domain use the Achievement Standards Network (ASN) database of state and national standards, provided to NSDL projects courtesy of JES & Co.
We assign reference terms to each statement within a standards document and to each media resource, and correlations are based upon matches of these terms for a given grade band. If a particular standards document of interest to you is not displayed yet, it most likely has not yet been processed by ASN or by Teachers' Domain. We will be adding social studies and arts correlations over the coming year, and also will be increasing the specificity of alignment.