In this video segment from Between the Lions, the letter "c" appears in familiar words on a road sign, emphasizing print all around us, and highlighting the /k/ sound that the letter "c" makes. Each word is displayed on the sign, with the letter "c" highlighted to emphasize the same sound at the beginning of each word.
As children move through kindergarten, they start developing a more complete and sophisticated understanding of how language works, an important foundation for the learning they will do in the primary grades.
Beginning in the preschool years, children are learning to recognize the letters of the alphabet. The next step will be to identify the various sounds they represent (phonics). Literacy research suggests that children usually have a much easier time learning the consonant sounds than the tricky vowels. In teaching the letter "c," we teach its /k/ sound first because the words that children are most familiar with—for example, "cat," "corn," "cow," "cookie"—begin with the /k/ sound. In fact, most words that begin with "c" have a /k/ sound. (We call that the "hard 'c'" sound.) Later, when children are ready to understand some of the ambiguities of phonics, we introduce the soft "c" or /s/ sound. One way to help older children see the consistency in our spelling system is to point out the fact that when "c" is followed by "e" or "i"—as in "celery" or "circus—it usually makes a /s/ sound.
Much like an alphabet book, the letter "c" is highlighted in this video segment. Each word is displayed, and images are added to indicate the meaning of each word. In addition, the hard "c" sound is pronounced and held constant on screen as the letters that follow change to make a new word. Familiar words were chosen for this segment so that children will recognize the pictures and spelling of these words. One challenging word, "cattle," might be a vocabulary stretch, but the illustration should help children figure out its meaning.
Finally, the road sign is an example of environmental print, and reminds children to be aware of letters and words all around. Literacy research reveals that many children learn to recognize print in the environment, especially certain signs, as their first accomplishment in reading.
Academic standards correlations on Teachers' Domain use the Achievement Standards Network (ASN) database of state and national standards, provided to NSDL projects courtesy of JES & Co.
We assign reference terms to each statement within a standards document and to each media resource, and correlations are based upon matches of these terms for a given grade band. If a particular standards document of interest to you is not displayed yet, it most likely has not yet been processed by ASN or by Teachers' Domain. We will be adding social studies and arts correlations over the coming year, and also will be increasing the specificity of alignment.