Susana shares the contents of her caja mágica with Señora Alicia and students. In the magic box, there are circles, rectangles, triangles, and squares. Señora Alicia invites students to count the geometric shapes and introduces the number catorce.
This video was adapted from ¡Arte y más!, originally produced by KET as a complete curriculum for primary-level Spanish based on arts and humanities content. Spanish teachers can use these resources in traditional or online instruction to reinforce language acquisition and teach about Latin American culture.
Figuras Geometricas Coloring Page (Document)
In Guatemalan weaving, shapes are very symbolic and have many meanings. While most woven designs are figures or animals, there are some geometric designs that hold particular meanings. One of the most common is the “universe design.” This Mayan design is a diamond shape with smaller diamonds in each corner and in the center. In the Mayan view of the world, east is at the top, where the sun rises, and it sinks at the bottom. The northern diamond is on the left and the southern diamond is on the right, and both are often colored blue for the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Curling lines often fill out the remained of the design.
Another common horizontal design is the “ancestor design.” In this design, one part represents corn, with a diamond at the top and curling stylized leaves coming off of the stalk. In between the corn symbols are figures that look a bit like people with their arms raised. These are the supernatural ancestors who were the first to plant corn and live like human beings.
Other common geometric designs are triangles, which represent mountains, and curls with lines radiating from them, which represent ceremonial flags. Other common weaving patterns include birds, flowers, and various plants. For a woman’s blouse, called a huipil by the Mayans (See: Count with me), the hole for the head of the person often represents the center of the world, and might have star shapes or flowers surrounding it. Often each design is unique to a particular village and passed on from mothers to their daughters.
Activity:Making a caja mágica
caja mágica, figuras geométricas, círculos, triángulos, rectángulos, cuadrados, catorce
For this activity, you will need:
• sponges cut in different shapes, water based paint, plastic aprons or old t-shirts, white paper boxes, paper plates
Academic standards correlations on Teachers' Domain use the Achievement Standards Network (ASN) database of state and national standards, provided to NSDL projects courtesy of JES & Co.
We assign reference terms to each statement within a standards document and to each media resource, and correlations are based upon matches of these terms for a given grade band. If a particular standards document of interest to you is not displayed yet, it most likely has not yet been processed by ASN or by Teachers' Domain. We will be adding social studies and arts correlations over the coming year, and also will be increasing the specificity of alignment.