The following Frame, Focus and Follow-up suggestions are best suited for middle school students using this video in an English language arts or social studies lesson. Be sure to modify the questions to meet your students' instructional needs.
What is Frame, Focus and Follow-up?
Frame (ELA) Every decade in the history of the United States has its own characteristics. There was the roaring 1920s, characterized by wealth, wildness and explosion of the arts. There were hard times of the Depression of the 1930s and the devastation of world war during the 1940s. War times eventually changed to a more prosperous, happy outlook in the 1950s and then the social unrest of the 1960s. How would you describe the characteristics of the time period we are living in today?
Focus (ELA) What were the characteristics of the early 1900s? Specifically, what was this period like for African Americans?
Follow Up (ELA) We can enhance our understanding of texts when we take into consideration and note the characteristics of the time period in which the text took place. How does what we know about African Americans in the early 1900s influence our understanding of this video with regard to their migration to the urban North?
Frame (SS) What happened to African Americans after slavery was abolished in 1865 by the 13th Amendment? How did their lives change? Where did they live? How did they make a living?
Focus (SS) There was much violence and discrimination against African Americans in the South through the early 1900s. What did they do to escape this violence?
Follow Up (SS) Do you think it was a good idea for African Americans to move north at that time? Why or why not? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages. What other options were available for them to improve their lives?