Source: Art in the 21st Century: "Paradox"
Funding for the VITAL/Ready to Teach collection was secured through the United States Department of Education under the Ready to Teach Program.
The following Frame, Focus and Follow-up suggestions are best suited for middle school students using this video in an English language arts or social studies lesson. Be sure to modify the questions to meet your students' instructional needs.
What is Frame, Focus and Follow-up?
Frame (ELA) Why do writers use particular words or phrases? Does the author’s intention play a part in the decision? Is an artist or writer looking to produce a response to the words or images they create?
Focus (ELA) What was the artists' intention by placing giant pieces of chalk in the square? What was the intention of the people who used the chalk? What was the response to their writing?
Follow Up (ELA) In small groups, brainstorm about artists including writers, singers and visual artists. Select work to which you’ve had a strong response. Discuss the reasons why you responded the way you did. Then discuss the artist’s intention and/or whether there was one.
Frame (SS) What is free speech? Are there limits to how one can express oneself? Should there be limits? Who decides?
Focus (SS) What was the government’s response to free speech in this video segment?
Follow Up (SS) In small groups, discuss whether or not there should be limits to free speech. You can use the examples of the giant chalk in the public square or the scenario of (falsely) yelling fire in a crowded place. Collect small group responses and report to the class for a larger group discussion.
Academic standards correlations on Teachers' Domain use the Achievement Standards Network (ASN) database of state and national standards, provided to NSDL projects courtesy of JES & Co.
We assign reference terms to each statement within a standards document and to each media resource, and correlations are based upon matches of these terms for a given grade band. If a particular standards document of interest to you is not displayed yet, it most likely has not yet been processed by ASN or by Teachers' Domain. We will be adding social studies and arts correlations over the coming year, and also will be increasing the specificity of alignment.